Kidney stones vitamin

Kidney stones Vitamin B6

Vitamin B6 deficiency may also play a role in the development of some kinds of kidney stones. Combined magnesium and vitamin B6 treatment may bring more beneficial results in the treatment of kidney stones than the use of magnesium alone. Vitamin B6 reduces the production and excretion of oxalates, compounds that combine with calcium to form some types of kidney stones.

Kidney stones vitaminKidney stones Vitamin C

There have been reports that excess vitamin C may increase the risk of kidney stone formation as large doses may raise blood levels of oxalates and lead to increased excretion. However, healthy people do not seem to be at risk. Those suffering from kidney disease, gout, or who are on hemodialysis may be at increased risk and should avoid large doses of vitamin C.

Kidney stones Vitamin K

Vitamin K is necessary for the production of a urinary protein involved in kidney function that inhibits the formation of calcium oxalate kidney stones.This may account for the fact that vegetarians, whose diets are often high in vitamin K, have a low incidence of kidney stones.

Calcium

Some forms of calcium supplements may lead to an increased risk of kidney stones. This risk can be lowered by using supplements in calcium citrate form. Citrate levels are lower in kidney stone patients, and citrate supplementation has been shown to reduce stone crystallization.

Magnesium

Magnesium deficiency may play a role in kidney stone formation as magnesium increases the solubility of calcium oxalate and inhibits the precipitation of calcium phosphate and calcium oxalate. Kidney stones are frequently associated with low levels of magnesium in the urine, although the exact effects of this abnormality are not well understood. Magnesium citrate supplements may be the most beneficial type to use to reduce the incidence of kidney stones.

The results of a 1997 study suggest that magnesium supplements may be beneficial in preventing kidney stones. Researchers found that giving potassium- magnesium citrate to calcium oxalate kidney stone sufferers reduced the risk of them developing further stones. In the double-blind study reported in the Journal of Urology, 64 patients were given either a placebo or the potassium- magnesium citrate compound for up to three years. New kidney stones occurred in 63.6 per cent of the patients taking placebo but in only 12.9 per cent of those taking the potassium-magnesium citrate compound.

 
 
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