Iron deficiency anemia pregnancy

When a woman becomes pregnant, her iron requirements increase from around 15 mg per day to 30 mg, due to the needs of the developing fetus. This increase can be difficult to obtain in the diet and most anemia during pregnancy is due to dietary iron deficiency.

Women whose iron stores are never built up are at particular risk. Women who become iron deficient during pregnancy may find it difficult to rebuild iron stores. Even women with normal hemoglobin levels are advised to take iron supplements during pregnancy to prevent depletion of iron stores and reduce the risk of anemia due to abnormal bleeding or a subsequent pregnancy. Research shows that women who take iron supplements during pregnancy do not suffer the same postnatal reduction in hemoglobin and ferritin as those who don't take supplements.
Iron deficiency anemia pregnancyA 1996 Italian study examined the effectiveness of different types of iron supplements in pregnant women. The results showed that oral ferrous gluconate in liquid form was more effective and better tolerated than other solid or liquid preparations containing elementary iron.

 
 
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